why do people get addicted

Why did he do that? This is the question I always ask myself.

Rohit, my childhood friend, every happy moment of my life I lived with him. I was the closest friend to him (really). For post-graduation he got admission in Harvard University, It was important for his career but the worst thing was that we could not meet for the next two years. Once upon a time after a year and a half late in the evening my phone rings, Rohit messaged me “As long as you read these messages, I have left the world, I’m Sorry” I was stunned for a few moments after reading.

After few days I came to know that he was addicted to addiction. Till the time we were together, he was against addiction and now! he died because of addiction. Why did he do that?

Why do people get addicted?

Millions of Rohit are being killed due to addiction annually. Working as a psychiatrist I have handled many patients from different ages with the different type of addiction. Some are addicted to drugs, alcohol, or smoking, and on another side, some people are addicted to food, mobile, internet etc.

“Addiction is an adaptation. It’s not you – it’s the cage you live in. – JOHANN HARI

why do people get addicted

Think about the moment that makes you feel happy. It could be anything such a successfully completing a project, eating a chocolate or taking a swig of a bear. It could be a puff of a cigarette or a shopping. A dose of the drug or a heroin.

“Whether you sniff it smoke it eat it or shove it up your ass the result is the same: addiction.” – William S. Burroughs

Early in my carrier when I started my practice as a Psychiatrist in Pune, India, I observed one thing, ‘a person go to a gym five days a week, eat healthily and consume a few glasses of drink on the weekend. Others may choose drugs or cocaine once in while when they are at a party. However, they are able to stay in control and never get addicted to drugs or alcohol. On other hands, those who start with the substance, make patterns – a drink after work, weekend party, the puff of the cigarette to relieve stress. Then they continue drinks or drugs more frequently, they get enjoyed with it and build up the tolerance and find they need to do it more. And the next thing they know that they are addicted.
“Addiction is a biopsychosocial disorder. It’s a combination of your genetics, your neurobiology and how that interacts with psychological and social factors,”
Even if everyone has a different path to addiction – Whether some tries because of their parent’s door just for curiosity – what’s common in all addictions is their knock-out ability to increase the level of dopamine chemical in the brain.

Dopamine is a molecule that passes a message across the brain’s reward center. This is how people feel pleasure and augment Sense of livelihood, such as eating food and having sex.

Risk Factor’s

“Every form of addiction is bad, no matter whether the narcotic be alcohol or morphine or idealism.”

Understanding of risk factor for addiction is beginning of why people get addicted to, here are some risk factors listed below:

  • Genetic predisposition
  • Age – “The younger someone is, the more fenceless they are to addiction”
  • Psychological factors – Stress, more sensitive personality, anxiety, depression, psychotic disorder.
  • Mental illness